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Albany 2013: Book of Abstracts

category image Albany 2013
Conversation 18
June 11-15 2013
©Adenine Press (2012)

The Rate of hOGG1-mediated 8-oxoG Removal from Nucleosomal DNA

When left unrepaired, DNA damage can lead to mutagenesis and carcinogenesis. Organisms have evolved to repair DNA damage through several pathways, including the removal and replacement of damaged DNA bases via base excision repair (BER). This pathway involves an enzymatic cascade: following removal of the damaged base by a glycosylase, the damage site is treated by an apurinic/apyrimidinic lyase, and then patched by a polymerase. Much is known about the BER pathway and the enzymes involved in it (Brooks, et al., 2013); however, studies of BER in the context of eukaryotic DNA have only recently begun (Odell, Wallace & Pederson, 2013). In eukaryotic cells, short stretches (146 base pairs) of genomic DNA are wrapped around octameric clusters of histone proteins, forming macromolecular structures called nucleosomes (Eickbush & Moudrianakis, 1978). The nucleosome presents a particular challenge to BER enzymes: the rate and efficiency of repair at a particular lesion site are expected to depend on the relative rotational and translational position of the lesion site on the histone core. Here, we examine the rate and efficiency of the removal of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG), the predominant oxidative lesion in DNA (Michaels & Miller, 1992), by the glycosylase hOGG1 as a function of position within the nucleosome. These results are compared with the rate and efficiency of the hOGG1 reaction on free DNA substrates, which have previously been observed in our laboratory (Jarem, Wilson & Delaney 2009; Jarem, et al., 2011). These experiments will provide a basis for further explorations into the factors affecting the efficiency of BER in eukaryotic DNA.

This research has been supported by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences award R01ES019296.

References

    Brooks, S.; Adhikary, S.; Rubinson, E. & Eichman, B. (2013). Recent advances in the structural mechanisms of DNA glycosylases. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1834, 247-71.

    Eickbush, T. H. & Moudrianakis, E. N. (1978). The Histone Core Complex: An Octamer Assembled by Two Sets of Protein-Protein Interactions. Biochemistry 17, 4955-4964.

    Jarem, D.; Wilson, N. & Delaney, S. (2009) Structure-Dependent DNA Damage and Repair in a Trinucleotide Repeat Sequence. Biochemistry 48, 6655-63.

    Jarem, D.; Wilson, N.; Schermerhorn, K. & Delaney, S. (2011) Incidence and Persistence of 8-oxo-7,8-Dihydroguanine within a Hairpin Intermediate Exacerbates a Toxic Oxidation Cycle Associated with Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion. DNA Repair 10, 887-96.

    Michaels, M. & Miller, J. (1992). The GO system protects organisms from the mutagenic effect of the spontaneous lesion 8-hydroxyguanine (7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine). J. Bacteriol. 174, 6321-5.

    Odell, I.; Wallace, S. & Pederson, D. (2013). Rules of engagement for base excision repair in chromatin. J. Cell. Physiol. 228, 258-66.


Eric D. Olmon
Sarah Delaney

Department of Chemistry
Brown University
Providence, RI 02912

Ph: (401) 863-2044
Fx: (401) 863-1993
eric_olmon@brown.edu