Albany 2013: Book of Abstracts
June 11-15 2013
©Adenine Press (2012)
Integrative analysis of gene expression and protein-protein interaction networks in Glioblastoma
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant of all the brain tumors with very low median survival time of one year, as per Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States, 2001. Efforts are ongoing to understand this disease pathogenesis in complete details. Global gene expression changes in GBM pathogenesis have been studied by several groups using microarray technology (e.g., Carro et al., 2010). One of the many approaches to ‘understand the control mechanisms underlying the observed changes in the activity of a biological process’ (Cline et al., 2007) is integration of gene expression and protein-protein interactions (PPI) datasets. Among several examples, aberrant activation of Wnt/ β-catenin signalling pathway as well as sonic hedgehog (SHH) signalling pathway is reported in GBMs (Klaus & Birchmeier, 2008). Further, these two pathways are also involved in proliferation and clonogenicity of glioma cancer stem cells (Li et al., 2009), which are thought to play a role in glioma initiation, proliferation and invasion, and are one of the important points of intervention. Hedgehog-Gli1 signalling is also found to regulate the expression of stemness genes. In this paper, analyses of the relationship between the significant differential expression of these and other genes and the connectivity as well as topological features of a PPI network would be discussed. This way, genes potentially overlooked when relying solely on expression profiles, may be identified which can be biologically relevant as a possible drug target/s or disease biomarker/s.
M.S. Cline, M.S., Smoot, M., Cerami, E., Kuchinsky, A., Landys, N., et al. (2007). Integration of biological networks and gene expression data using Cytoscape. Nat Protoc. 2(10): 2366–82.
A. Klaus, A. & W. Birchmeier, (2008). “Wnt signalling and its impact on development and cancer,” Nature Reviews Cancer, 8(5), pp. 387–398
Z. Li, Z., Wang, H., Eyler, C.E., Hjelmeland, A.B., Rich, J.N. (2009) Turning cancer stem cells inside out: an exploration of glioma stem cell signaling pathways. J Biol Chem. 284(25):16705-9.