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Albany 2019: 20th Conversation - Abstracts

category image Albany 2019
Conversation 20
June 11-15 2019
Adenine Press (2019)

The "self-stirred" genome: Bulk and surface dynamics of the chromatin globule

Chromatin structure and dynamics control all aspects of DNA biology yet are poorly understood. In interphase, time between two cell divisions, chromatin fills the cell nucleus in its minimally condensed polymeric state. Chromatin serves as substrate to a number of biological processes, e.g. gene expression and DNA replication, which require it to become locally restructured. These are energy-consuming processes giving rise to non-equilibrium dynamics. Chromatin dynamics has been traditionally studied by imaging of fluorescently labeled nuclear proteins and single DNA-sites, thus focusing only on a small number of tracer particles. Recently, we developed an approach, displacement correlation spectroscopy (DCS) based on time-resolved image correlation analysis, to map chromatin dynamics simultaneously across the whole nucleus in cultured human cells [1]. DCS revealed that chromatin movement was coherent across large regions (4–5μm) for several seconds. Regions of coherent motion extended beyond the boundaries of single-chromosome territories, suggesting elastic coupling of motion over length scales much larger than those of genes [1]. These large-scale, coupled motions were ATP-dependent and unidirectional for several seconds. Following these observations, we developed a hydrodynamic theory [2] and a microscopic model [3] of active chromatin dynamics. Here we investigate chromatin interactions with nuclear envelope and compare the surface dynamics of the chromatin globule with its bulk dynamics [4], which we also explore using naturally present cellular probes [5].

References

    [1] Zidovska A, Weitz DA, Mitchison TJ, PNAS, 110 (39), 15555-15560, 2013

    [2] Bruinsma R, Grosberg AY, Rabin Y, Zidovska A, Biophys. J., 106 (9), 1871-1881, 2014

    [3] Saintillan D, Shelley MJ, Zidovska A, PNAS, 115 (45) 11442-11447, 2018

    [4] Chu F, Haley SC, Zidovska A, PNAS, 114 (39), 10338-10343, 2017

    [5] Caragine CM, Haley SC, Zidovska A, PRL, 121, 148101, 2018

Alexandra Zidovska

Center for Soft Matter Research
Department of Physics
New York University
New York NY 10003 US

Email: alexandra.zidovska@nyu.edu